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Types Of Houses In Nigeria; A Complete Guide

Posted by Property List NG Admin on February 8, 2023

There are many types of houses in Nigeria, and the wide range of choices can make it difficult to choose one for you. 

The houses all have their perks, but there is a lot you need to consider in terms of costs, environment, maintenance, and other aspects.

This article will review some of the most common types of houses in Nigeria and show you where they are most suitable. 

By the end, you will be able to pick a house design and understand all the perks and possible problems that come with it. Let’s get the details;

Types Of Houses In Nigeria

The types of houses in Nigeria are not very different from western style houses; they only differ in popularity. 

Glass houses, trailers, and underground houses are not as common in Nigeria, but here is a list of houses that are popular in Nigeria and surrounding areas;

1. Bungalows

Bungalows are a popular choice in Nigeria and across Africa, and they could be the most common type of residential home. These are simple single-story houses that don’t have basements and can vary in size from one or two rooms to over seven.

Bungalows are Nigeria’s most popular residential and commercial houses, and you will come across them anywhere. Bungalows are so popular because of how flexible they are in terms of design and budget.

Most people can afford to build bungalows, which are generally easier to maintain; therefore, you have more durability. 

You can get amazing luxury from these simple houses with the right designs, which adds to their popularity.

Detached bungalow houses don’t have a common wall with other structures. They offer privacy and isolation from other people. Semi-detached houses share a wall with another structure while the other side is detached.

Because of their simple and flexible design, bungalows can work in most neighborhoods; therefore, you will find them both in urban and rural areas.

2. Container Houses

This amazing and highly creative choice is becoming a norm in Nigeria. Containers are becoming an important architectural part of solving homing issues for people across Nigeria, and the final products are amazing.

Standard 20 and 40 feet containers can be refurbished and converted into amazing homes and business locations. The refurbishment includes adding padding on the interior for insulation and accessories to make it livable.

Sometimes people will join four or more containers together to make the structure bigger or organize them on top of each other for a more sophisticated look. There are many sizes to work with, and it comes down to architectural creativity. 

3. Mansions


Source: unsplash.com

Nigeria has its fair share of rich and influential people whose wealth can show in houses. Mansions showcase wealth and are owned by rich people such as musicians, politicians, or big-time businesspeople.

Mansions in Nigeria have a minimum floor space of 8000 square feet. These lavish houses have everything you need, including balconies, swimming pools, multiple floors, and more. The high cost of building such houses makes them harder to come across.

4. Duplex houses

Duplex houses are popular in Nigerian cities and towns, but it is not uncommon to have them in rural areas. Duplex houses are a middle ground between mansions and bungalows since they offer the best of each option.

They offer the affordability of building a bungalow and the additional space and luxury of having a mansion. 

Duplex houses are stacked apartments on two floors. Mostly they look like one large house sharing a wall between two halves or two houses.

Architects can also use such designs with three or four housing units. These are always stories high and not grounded like bungalows.

5. Townhouse

Nigeria also has gated communities, much like western countries, and they commonly use townhouse designs for such places. You will find an estate with about 30 houses of the same design or slightly different around the suburbs.

Most residents in such places rent their houses and use them since they offer an easy commute to the city where they work. The houses may have three or more stories with a garage on the ground floor.

Most houses are owned by landlords who rent them out to tenants rather than sell them. Some people prefer to build their own houses, and townhouses are an affordable yet classy choice to go with.

6. Penthouse 

Penthouses are another popular choice for rich people who want to live luxurious lives in the city. Nigeria also has high-end communities with high-rise buildings; some live in penthouses around such areas. 

Penthouse is a house or room on the highest floor of a hotel or building, and they often have numerous amazing features to offer. You could find private entrances, vaulted ceilings, above-ground swimming pools, and more.

Penthouses offer amazing views of the city skyline, and their concept makes them possible only in big cities. Lagos, Port Harcourt, Enugu, Abuja, and other large cities are the only places in Nigeria where you can find a penthouse.

7. Traditional Houses

If you get a chance to visit the rural areas of Nigeria, then these are the houses you will mostly come across. 

These houses are made of mud, wood, palm fronds, straw, and raffia matting. The straw and mats are ideal for roofing, especially in the northern part of the country.

Some houses are built from bamboo sticks and wood since they are closer to water sources and need more structural support. 

Traditional houses have existed for centuries, giving an ancient, peaceful vibe that detaches from the modern world.

All the materials used in building these houses are natural, making them especially affordable, but they lack many modern comforts.

8. Apartments of Flats

Flats are one of the most popular choices of housing across the world, and Nigeria is no exception. An apartment building is a collection of numerous separate homes stacked on top o each other. 

Each apartment is a separate own dwelling entity with a different occupant. It offers less privacy than most housing options but has perks. Apartment building dwellers can access common areas like playgrounds, gyms, rooftops, and more.

There is an increase in the urban population, creating a demand for flats. Building vertically allows people to save space and make homes for more people, contributing further to its popularity.

The rates of renting an apartment are often lower than building a house, and this is part of why they are so popular.

9. Terraced House

A terrace house is a single family home with over two or three floors, and they mostly sit side by side with other terrace houses to form a road or block. They are a common choice for high-income estates or gated communities around Nigeria.

Terraces often have identical designs and heights, making them mirror images of each other. Their design accommodates as many people as possible in densely populated areas. They are more affordable than detached and semi-detached houses and are growing in popularity.

Considerations In Types Of Houses In Nigeria

Whether you want to build a home, buy one or get a rental, there are some important factors you need to keep in mind. 

These will guide you and prevent you from making a decision that will cost you a lot of money, so let us get to the details and see;

1. Budget

Whether you want to buy, rent, or build a home, you need to consider how much it will cost. Building mansions and large bungalows can cost a lot of money which not all people have.

If you live closer to the city, the most economical choice is to live in a flat or terraced house if you have a family. Suburban areas offer many amazing houses at affordable rates, but you can always build a personalized home if you have the money.

2. Floor space

Floor space is a matter of necessity and personal preference. You need to get a house with enough space for you and your family to live comfortably. If you live alone, you could get a one-bedroom apartment and be comfortable.

For people with families, a bungalow or terraced home with multiple rooms for each family member will be a better choice.

3. Intentions with the house

This is a crucial consideration for people that are building houses. You need to know why you are building the house and who it will be for. If you are targeting families, build houses with multiple bedrooms and a child-friendly environment.

For University students and young adults, flats will be ideal as you can build more in a small space and get more returns.


There are numerous types of houses in Nigeria, and you have to think about them carefully before deciding which house to build, buy or rent. The environment and budget will dictate part of the design, but eventually, it is up to you.

Information on housing patterns is important, especially for someone interested in getting into real estate in Nigeria. Hopefully, this article helped you know the various housing options you can use.

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